By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary provides a entire survey of the total diversity of historical close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the advance of the vital sorts of old structure inside their geographical and ancient context, and describes positive aspects of significant websites akin to Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to a few of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the differences of usual old architectural constructions reminiscent of pyramids, tombs and homes, information the development fabric and strategies hired, and clarifies professional terminology.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
Iraq Supplement 6–7 (1944–45); 8 (1946) aqueduct Artificial channel to transport water over certain distances to ensure supply in arid places. An aqueduct consists of a brick or stone bed or canal, bridges and tunnels, which overcome the different levels of the terrain. Best known is the one of NINEVEH, built by Sennacherib (704– 681 BC). It was over 80km long and constructed entirely of limestone with pointed arches and bridges ornamented with recesses and buttresses. The excellently graded concrete surface could also serve as a road when the water was not flowing.
The town was surrounded by a curved wall strengthened by semicircular towers which followed the contours of the hill. The houses were well built and mostly of one type, with a broad central room furnished with a stone table, and adjacent kitchens and utility rooms in the courtyard. A DOUBLE SANCTUARY was found, of a BREITRAUM-cella type as in MEGIDDO. Towards the end of Early Bronze II, the settlement was destroyed and only the highest part was subsequently inhabited again. From the 12th C BC onwards, Arad became a fortified outpost in the south of the Judean kingdom.
ASSUR (MODERN QALAT SHERGAT) Israelite masonry at Samaria (c. 9th C BC) (after Albright) Assur (modern Qalat Shergat) Mesopotamia, see map p. xviii. Important residential city of Assyrian kings and religious centre dedicated to the national god Assur. ) and consist of the archaic Ishtar temple with its shallow BREITRAUMcella. At the beginning of the 2nd millennium, Assyria emerged as an independent political power. Under the energetic king Shamshi-Adad I (c. 1814– 1782 BC), the town on its promontory overlooking the Tigris was fortified with ramparts and strong bastions in a semicircular outline.