By Lester L. Grabbe
This is the second one quantity of the projected four-volume historical past of the second one Temple interval. it's axiomatic that there are huge gaps within the background of the Persian interval, however the early Greek interval is probably even much less identified. This quantity brings jointly all we all know concerning the Jews throughout the interval from Alexander's conquest to the eve of the Maccabaean insurrection, together with the Jews in Egypt in addition to the location in Judah. established at once at the basic assets, that are surveyed, the research addresses questions akin to management, society, faith, economic climate, jurisprudence, Hellenism and Jewish identification. those are mentioned within the context of the broader Hellenistic global and its background. A power of the examine is its vast updated secondary bibliography (approximately a thousand items).
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Extra info for History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 2: The Coming of the Greeks: The Early Hellenistic Period (335-175 BCE)
But his faults are often the faults of his predecessors: Thus to the Hebrew historian historiography soon became a narration of events from the beginning of the world such as no Greek historian ever conceived. The criteria of reliability were also different. Jews have always been supremely concerned with truth. The Hebrew God is the God of Truth . . Consequently reliability in Jewish terms coincides with the truthfulness of the transmitters and with the ultimate truth of God in whom the transmitters believe .
Mazar points out that coins and pottery indicate that the mound was inhabited continually from the third to the mid-ﬁrst century BCE (2006: 39). Regardless of this theory of misidentiﬁcation, the site of Beth-Shean shows evidence of Hellenistic remains in stratum III. Apparently, the city was refounded after an occupation gap of almost half a millennium. A hoard of 18 Ptolemy II tetradrachmas, about 50 stamped Rhodian amphora handles dated from the third to the ﬁrst century BCE, and a dedicatory inscription from a priest with regard to a cult of Zeus and a dynastic cult are among the ﬁnds.
Although Thucydides unfortunately tells only of the account that he ﬁnds most trustworthy, from all we can tell he does appear to have followed his own rule. A critical judgment made on the various accounts to select the one that appears to be most credible according to common-sense criteria. The establishment of a chronological framework which dates all events to within six months. These are important rules and are still applied in some form or other by most modern historians. Thucydides was by common consent the pinnacle of history writers in antiquity, and his successors did not rise to quite the same 14 A History of the Jews and Judaism heights.