A Legal Theory for Autonomous Artificial Agents by Samir Chopra

By Samir Chopra

“An terribly reliable synthesis from an awesome diversity of philosophical, felony, and technological assets . . .  the ebook will attract criminal lecturers and scholars, attorneys occupied with e-commerce and our on-line world felony matters, technologists, ethical philosophers, and clever lay readers drawn to excessive tech concerns, privateness, [and] robotics.”—Kevin Ashley, collage of Pittsburgh institution of legislations   As firms and govt businesses exchange human staff with on-line customer support and automatic mobilephone structures, we turn into acquainted with doing company with nonhuman brokers. If man made intelligence (AI) expertise advances as today’s prime researchers are expecting, those brokers might quickly functionality with such restricted human enter that they seem to behave independently. once they in attaining that point of autonomy, what criminal prestige may still they've got? Samir Chopra and Laurence F. White current a delicately reasoned dialogue of the way latest philosophy and criminal conception can accommodate more and more subtle AI know-how. Arguing for the criminal personhood of a man-made agent, the authors talk about what it capacity to claim it has “knowledge” and the power to determine. they think about key questions resembling who needs to take accountability for an agent’s activities, whom the agent serves, and no matter if it may possibly face a clash of curiosity.  

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Be more in- 42 / A Legal Theory for Autonomous Arti‹cial Agents structive than typical metaphors . . such as the ‘personal digital assistant’” (Kerr 1999, 54). ” What motivates this suggestion is not concern for the arti‹cial agents, for “the aim of doing so is not to confer rights or duties upon those devices”; but rather, “the development of a more sophisticated and appropriate legal mechanism that would allow persons interacting through an intermediary to be absolved of liability under certain circumstances” (Kerr 1999, 54).

19 Competitions open to the public, and terms and conditions of entry to premises, are among the most common examples of unilateral contracts. 20 A shrink-wrap contract relates to the purchase of software in material form (such as a CD or DVD). 22 Similarly, a “click-wrap” license draws the user’s attention to the license conditions, and requires assent to those conditions by clicking on a button. 23 The theory of unilateral contract has also been used to explain contracts made by machines, such as those dispensing parking tickets, where “The offer is made when the proprietor of the machine holds it out as being ready to receive the money.

2. Identifying] the bases under which legal consequences stemming from one person’s conduct are attributed to another person [including] the creation of rights and obligations stemming from a transaction, the imputation of the agent’s knowledge to the principal, and the imposition of vicarious liability on the principal as a consequence of tortious conduct by the agent. . [3. Determining] rights and duties as between principal and agent themselves, complementing and supplementing any contract between them.

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