African-British Writings in the Eighteenth Century: The by Helena Woodard

By Helena Woodard

The eighteenth century was once a time of serious cultural swap in Britain. It was once a interval marked through expeditions to the recent international, Africa, and the Orient, and those voyages have been mirrored within the commute literature of the period. It used to be additionally a interval within which seventeenth-century empiricism and the medical strategy turned dominant, and within which society grew to become more and more secular. primary to the eighteenth-century worldview was once the concept of the good Chain of Being, within which all creatures and their writer stood in a hierarchical courting with each other. The years from 1660 to 1833 witnessed either Britain's participation in slavery and the appropriation of the good Chain of Being through social anthropologists and political leaders. With the increase of the slave exchange, blacks have been dropped at Britain opposed to their will, the place they have been enslaved. whilst, intellectuals of the interval attempted to put those slaves in the hierarchical body supplied by way of the nice Chain of Being.

The presence of slavery in Britain aroused a lot debate between blacks and whites alike, and the literature of the eighteenth century displays that discuss. This publication examines representations of blacks in eighteenth-century British literature to light up the discussions approximately race in the course of that interval. the amount starts off with a dialogue of Alexander Pope's popularization of the nice Chain of Being in his Essay on Man, which argued the common rating of humanity and which supplied an highbrow origin for slavery. It then examines the works of a number of white canonical writers, together with Defoe, Addison and Steele, rapid, and Sterne, to work out how blacks are portrayed of their works. the quantity additionally examines works by means of African-British writers, equivalent to James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw and Quobna Ottobah Cugoano, who disclose exclusionary practices between a few theologians; Ignatius Sancho, whose Letters convey how slaves have been taught to be thankful, and the way these missing gratitude have been thought of inhuman; and Olaudah Equiano, who indicates how racial hierarchies functionality as a literary trope, fairly in trip literature. the ultimate bankruptcy, on The heritage of Mary Prince, examines the interplay of race and gender.

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7. See Francis Bacon, The Advancement of Learning, vol. 9 of 13 vols. in The Works of Francis Bacon, ed. James Spedding et al. (Boston: Taggard and Thomp- 22 African-British Writings in the Eighteenth Century son, 1864), book 5. ch. 2, 64; republished by Scholarly Press, St. Clair Shores, MI. The World's Great Classics Colonial Press version of Bacon's famous observation reads, "It is no wonder that the discovery and advancement of arts hath made no greater progress, when the art of inventing and discovering the sciences remains hitherto unknown" (Book 5.

7. See Francis Bacon, The Advancement of Learning, vol. 9 of 13 vols. in The Works of Francis Bacon, ed. James Spedding et al. (Boston: Taggard and Thomp- 22 African-British Writings in the Eighteenth Century son, 1864), book 5. ch. 2, 64; republished by Scholarly Press, St. Clair Shores, MI. The World's Great Classics Colonial Press version of Bacon's famous observation reads, "It is no wonder that the discovery and advancement of arts hath made no greater progress, when the art of inventing and discovering the sciences remains hitherto unknown" (Book 5.

John Butt (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1963), 195-210. [References to Essay on Man are taken from Alexander Pope, An essay on Man, ed. Maynard Mack (London: Methuen, 1950); these citations appear in this book by line and page number. ] As David Gross observes, "a moral critique of the dominant economic order combined with the evident willingness to share in the benefits of it—can be seen in Reading Pope/Reasoning Race 25 Pope and in the residual values of Neo-Classicism generally" (David S.

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