African Ungulates: A Comparative Review of Their Ethology by Walter Leuthold

By Walter Leuthold

This e-book has been written typically close by of untamed African ungulates, on the examine middle in Tsavo East nationwide Park, V oi, Kenya. whereas this had many beneficial properties, there have been additionally a number of drawbacks. the most this kind of is the truth that Voi isn't precisely on the hub of clinical job, no matter if we limit ourselves to African ungulates. therefore, while I had felt firstly that i used to be sufficiently accustomed to ethological paintings on those animals to write down an invaluable overview, it quickly grew to become woefully obtrusive that this assumption used to be faulty. during the last few years experiences on African ungulates have seasoned­ liferated and effects are being released in journals just about all over the area. My place in East Africa was once occasionally below excellent with recognize to entry to the newest literature, and that i depended to a substantial volume at the goodwill of affiliates in giving or lending me appropriate papers. i'm satisfied to document that I bought loads of help and cooperation during this admire. however, i could have over­ seemed a few vital papers inadvertently; their authors aren't suppose slighted via such omissions, which merely mirror availability of literature to me. Readers can also discover a substantial geographical bias in desire of East Africa, on the price of different African areas, really South Africa.

Show description

Read or Download African Ungulates: A Comparative Review of Their Ethology and Behavioral Ecology PDF

Similar african books

Decolonising the Mind

Ngugi describes this e-book as 'a precis of a few of the problems during which i've been passionately concerned for the final two decades of my perform in fiction, theatre, feedback and in instructing of literature. North the US: Heinemann; Kenya: EAEP

Things Fall Apart (Everyman's Library)

Issues crumble tells overlapping, intertwining tales, either one of which focus on Okonkwo, a “strong guy” of an Ibo village in Nigeria. the 1st of those tales strains Okonkwo's fall from grace with the tribal global within which he lives, and in its classical purity of line and budget friendly good looks it offers us with a robust delusion concerning the immemorial clash among the person and society.

African Ethics: Gĩkũyũ Traditional Morality

African Ethics: G? ok? y? conventional Morality by means of Hannah Kinoti used to be brought on by means of the author's drawback concerning the decline of ethical criteria one of the G? okay? y? in glossy Kenya. Western schooling and elevated interplay with different cultures had made the society extra advanced and complicated. while, social evils like corruption, theft, prostitution, damaged houses and sexual promiscuity have been at the bring up.

Rwanda Before the Genocide: Catholic Politics and Ethnic Discourse in the Late Colonial Era

Among 1920 and 1994, the Catholic Church used to be Rwanda's such a lot dominant social and spiritual establishment. in recent times, the church has been critiqued for its perceived complicity within the ethnic discourse and political corruption that culminated with the 1994 genocide. In examining the contested legacy of Catholicism in Rwanda, Rwanda earlier than the Genocide makes a speciality of a serious decade, from 1952 to 1962, whilst Hutu and Tutsi identities turned politicized, essentialized, and linked to political violence.

Extra resources for African Ungulates: A Comparative Review of Their Ethology and Behavioral Ecology

Sample text

Little is known about the okapi. Bovidae. Among the multitude of African bovids, particularly the smaller antelopes, we find the most varied auto grooming behavior. Most bovids ward off biting insects by foot-stamping, skin-twitching, and shaking the head or the entire body, the latter sometimes followed by a short run. They clean themselves or remove local irritations by licking, nibbling or biting (the latter mainly on legs and tail), and by scratching with the lower incisors (sides, rump, legs), with the horns (back and sides), and the hind feet (neck and head).

What generalizations can be made from the above review? There appear to be clear-cut relationships between an animal's body shape-and hence flexibility-and its comfort behavior; also between the latter and the external covering of the skin, i. , whether there are stiff bristles, soft fur, or no hair at all. To a large extent, these various characteristics are also tied to the animal's taxonomic position. Thus, most of the smaller bovids (e. , gazelles, the smaller Tragelaphini and Reduncinae) are of slender build, with relatively long and mobile necks and limbs and a furry coat.

He then starts several bouts of vigorous scraping, using both forefeet alternately (e. ), leaving clearly visible scratch marks. Between bouts of scraping, he sometimes turns about 180°. After several series of scraping, he urinates in a fairly low crouching posture, then crouches even lower (cf. Fig. 7) and defecates, again changing position occasionally. Then 34 he may leave without any further action, but the entire ceremony is a very drawn-out and elaborate behavioral sequence. In the end, the female's feces are buried under soil (through the male's scraping) and under the male's dung.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.44 of 5 – based on 14 votes

About the Author