Agribusiness and Innovation Systems in Africa by Kurt Larsen

By Kurt Larsen

This e-book examines how agricultural innovation arises in 4 African nations Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda during the lens of agribusiness, public rules, and particular worth chains for meals staples, excessive worth items, and farm animals. Determinants of innovation aren't considered separately yet in the context of a posh agricultural innovation method concerning many actors and interactions. the quantity is predicated on qualitative interviews with agribusiness representatives that have been designed to make clear their studies on public guidelines that both complements or impedes innovation in Africa s agriculture region. Following are the volume's major messages on guidelines, associations and methods that nurture innovation within the agriculture zone: 1) agribusiness innovation is in lots of circumstances pushed via the necessity to continue grades and criteria in the price chain, not just with regards to export markets, but in addition in evolving household and concrete markets and price chains; 2) that staple nutrients quarter has strength to be a resource of development, innovation and poverty aid; three) successes in worth chain innovation and agribusiness construction rely seriously at the constitution of the total agricultural innovation process and are hugely context particular; four) specially profitable innovation have been depending on growing synergies among market-based and knowledge-based interactions and robust linkages inside and past the price chain; and five) the general public area s innovation aid has to increase to interactions, collective motion and broader public-private partnership courses. This ebook may be of curiosity to policymakers, agribusiness leaders, farmer firms, NGOs, and researchers.

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At the same time, there is a countertrend to outsource production to smallholder farmers by growers and exporters in those subsectors, such as horticulture in Kenya, that become better organized and supported by private sector extension and input supply (Nyambo and Nyagah 2006). Exporters with strong links to end markets and producers through contractual agreements and ownership play a significant coordinating role along integrated value chains, particularly in Kenya, but elsewhere as well. In Uganda, for example, exporters extend credit for inputs to farmers, and the 26 AGRIBUSINESS AND INNOVATION SYSTEMS IN AFRICA loans are then recovered after the sale of their produce.

The country studies also analyze broader innovation processes within the agricultural sector while providing a more in-depth understanding of the drivers and constraints of innovation, particularly within agribusiness interactions and specific markets. What lessons can we distill from the main themes of the studies? What can policy makers, research institutes, donors, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), farmers’ organizations, and others learn about policies, institutions, and strategies that nurture innovation in the agricultural sector, especially related to agribusiness?

Agribusiness also responds to opportunities growing out of the liberalization of economies and globalization of trade. Although the growth and development of agribusiness depend largely on private sector initiatives, public policies are essential in creating and facilitating an enabling environment. In summary, the country reports detail interplay within AIS, involving commodity value chains, agribusiness, and public policies. By closely examining different actors and their interactions within the context of each country’s 8 AGRIBUSINESS AND INNOVATION SYSTEMS IN AFRICA specific circumstances, the book identifies main messages that are critical from a policy perspective.

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