Ambient Intelligence: Impact on Embedded System Design by Twan Basten, Marc Geilen, Harmke de Groot

By Twan Basten, Marc Geilen, Harmke de Groot

The rising Ambient Intelligence imaginative and prescient has the aptitude to essentially switch our international. This quantity is a preview into the subsequent period of computing. It investigates the influence of Ambient Intelligence on embedded approach layout. Combining visionary contributions with papers on fresh advancements, it brings to mild the demanding situations in procedure layout in the direction of pleasurable the Ambient Intelligence promise. issues lined diversity from processor architectures and embedded software program to cognitive robotics and sensor networks, and from quality-of-service and energy-efficient layout to defense and fault tolerance.

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Ambient Intelligence: Impact on Embedded System Design

The rising Ambient Intelligence imaginative and prescient has the aptitude to essentially swap our global. This quantity is a preview into the subsequent period of computing. It investigates the influence of Ambient Intelligence on embedded method layout. Combining visionary contributions with papers on fresh advancements, it brings to gentle the demanding situations in process layout in the direction of pleasing the Ambient Intelligence promise.

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Both are integrated onto the same die. The MAC portion of the design consists of five main blocks: The central processing engine consists of an ARM9 core‚ that executes less time-critical tasks of the MAC operations. The choice of a relatively powerful core allows to maintain high throughput rates. 40 AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE: IMPACT ON EMBEDDED SYSTEM DESIGN The core communicates with a 128K embedded SRAM; the presence of on-chip memory differentiates this product from many similar devices that require external memory chips.

The second trend is of architectural nature. 11) and the introduction of new ones‚ push for new architectural paradigms. g. an MPEG2 decoding) are even more challenging requirements. Energy efficiency and cost constraints are much tighter than for highperformance servers‚ and the computational requirements can be matched only by resorting to heterogeneous architectures (in contrast with homogeneous general-purpose processors)‚ which provide computational power tai- 42 AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE: IMPACT ON EMBEDDED SYSTEM DESIGN lored to a specific class of applications [17‚ 37].

Some quantitative features of smart dust are: free-space communication at optical frequencies‚ bit rates in the order of 1 kbps or less‚ power consumption below 1 mW‚ and directional transmission within a narrow beam. Concerning the specific implementation‚ we focus on the the latest mote prototype developed by the Smart Dust group [34]: it is a autonomous‚ solar-powered sensor node with bi-directional optical communication‚ that represents the evolution of previous efforts [6‚ 32]. Figure 4 shows a block diagram of the sensor.

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