An Illustrated Dictionary of Art and Archaeology by J W MOLLETT


The Illustrated Dictionary of paintings and Archaeology includes definitions of millions of phrases and greater than seven hundred illustrations dedicated to a vast base of material less than the widely- inclusive heading of artwork and Archaeology. integrated during this definitive paintings are phrases utilized in structure and in such comparable topics as pottery, dress, furnishings, armor, heraldry, weaving, decoration, jewellery, song, and ecclesiastical ritual. Needlework, ivories, goldsmithery, and pigments also are largely handled, as are Greek, Roman, and Christian antiquities. all the compilations that went into the complete paintings have been drawn from prime professionals in all of the distinct topic branches.

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Arch [arcus, a bow). A structure the form of which is based on the segment of a circle. The kinds of arches are named according to the curve which they make. Round-headed arches ; semicircular, segmental or stilted, introduced by Triangular arches, of very early the Romans. Horse-shoe arches ; the Mocrish, the date. common horse-shoe and the pointed (which is Then the trefoil arch of also a Moorish form). with its variations, inthe Early English style cluding the square-headed trefoil of the 13th The lancet or acute-pointed the equicentury.

This is the meaning which attaches, in its widest sense, to the term amulet (amuletum). Amulets are unquestionably of Eastern origin ; by the Egyptians they were looked upon as preservatives against dangers, unlucky days, enemies, &c. neous description, The varieties of them were among others, were scarabaei, very numerous ; small columns, cartouches, symbolic eyes, interlacing fingers, heads of uraeus, &c. A large number of stones were also employed as amulets ; those of commonest occurrence are hematite, jasper, lapis lazuli, amethysts, diamonds, heliotropes, &c.

8os), because, at banquets, it was the duty of youths to mix the wine with water before handing it to the guests. This term has as synonyms aruter, arusane. arustis and oinerusis. Arzica. (1) An artificial pigment of a yellow colour, used for miniature painting. " yellow earth for painting, of which the (3^ moulds for casting brass are formed ; it yields an ochreous pigment of a pale-yellow colour, which, when burned, changes to an orange colour. Arzicon. ). As, R. The unit of value in the bronze currency of the Romans.

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