Analects: With Selections from Traditional Commentaries by Confucius

By Confucius

This variation is going past others that principally depart readers to their very own units in knowing this cryptic paintings, through delivering an entree into the textual content that parallels the normal chinese language method of imminent it: along Slingerland's beautiful rendering of the paintings are his translations of a range of vintage chinese language commentaries that make clear tricky passages, supply old and cultural context, and invite the reader to give some thought to various interpretations. the best scholar version, this quantity additionally incorporates a common advent, notes, a number of appendices -- together with a thesaurus of technical phrases, references to fashionable Western scholarship that time the way in which for additional examine, and an annotated bibliography.

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11), but the fellowship provided by a friend in virtue combines a powerful spur to further moral development with a deeply felt solidarity of purpose—an important solace during the long and arduous process of self-cultivation. 10, the practice of Goodness is like learning a craft, and one “sharpens one’s tools” by seeking out the company of like-minded souls. 24). ” The target audience for this saying seems to be rulers or potential rulers, the message being that the key to ordering the state is paying attention to one’s own behavior (a theme often repeated in Books Twelve and Thirteen below).

27. ” The Master said, “Zigong, you are precisely the kind of person with whom one can begin to discuss the Odes. ” “Cutting and polishing” refer to the working of bone and ivory, while “carving and grinding” refer to jade work: cutting and carving being the initial rough stages, and polishing and grinding the finishing touches. Here the task of self-cultivation is understood metaphorically in terms of the arduous process of roughly shaping and then laboriously finishing recalcitrant materials.

The ancients cultivated the Heavenly honors, and the human honors followed naturally. People nowadays cultivate the Heavenly honors only as a means to obtaining the human honors, and once they get the latter, they abandon the former. This is the ultimate in delusion and, in the end, can only lead to disaster. Confucius’ response to Zizhang is thus no doubt intended to correct what he sees as an excessive focus on external goods. ” Confucius replied, “Raise up the straight and apply them to the crooked, and the people will submit to you.

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