Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley by Ephraim G. Squier, Edwin H. Davis

By Ephraim G. Squier, Edwin H. Davis

Initially released in 1848 because the first significant paintings within the nascent self-discipline in addition to the 1st book of the newly proven Smithsonian establishment, historical Monuments of the Mississippi Valley continues to be at the present time not just a key record within the background of yank archaeology but additionally the first resource of data on thousands of mounds and earthworks within the jap usa, such a lot of that have now vanished. regardless of adhering to the preferred assumption that the moundbuilders couldn't were the ancestors of the supposedly savage local American teams nonetheless dwelling within the area, the authors set excessive criteria for his or her time. Their paintings offers perception into a number of the conceptual, methodological, and substantial concerns that archaeologists nonetheless confront.

Long out of print, this one hundred and fiftieth anniversary variation comprises David J. Meltzer's full of life advent, which describes the controversies surrounding the book’s unique booklet, from a sour, decades-long feud among Squier and Davis to frequent debates in regards to the hyperlinks among race, faith, and human origins. entire with a brand new index and bibliography, and illustrated with the unique maps, plates, and engravings, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley presents a brand new new release with a first-hand view of this pioneer period in American archaeology.

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Bribery was also common among clientkings (Braund 1984:58–62; cf. 575). Herod’s own “natural magnanimity” (Ant. 327) is demonstrated by Josephus. His building patronage is discussed below, along with some of his other giftgiving. 2 above). 456)—of Herod’s personal gifts would have been considered bribes. Before becoming king, Herod bribed his ‘friend’ (Ant. 242; Ant. 303 and 327). After the war was over, Herod paid Antony to have Antigonus put to death (Ant. 490), and later gave Antony and Antony’s friends silver and gold (Ant.

316; Ant. 433; Pastor 1997:107). That fine came at a time of poor liquidity for Herod and was probably raised to be part of a gift intended for Antony (below). The opposite of onerous taxation is also found in Josephus. On two occasions Herod lowered taxes: once by a third (Ant. 365: “under the pretext of letting them recover from a period of lack of crops, but really for the more important purpose of getting back the goodwill of those who were disaffected . ”), and once by a quarter (Ant. 64; Gabba 1990:161 n.

221–222, 253). Other possessions were also appropriated (Ant. 5: equipment, silver and gold). 268; Ant. 363). The seizure of wealth also served to weaken the heirs of the Hasmonean dynasty. , during his flight from Jerusalem in 40 bce), he remained wealthy until his death. Even in 40, possibly by the time Herod reached Rhodes (below), and more likely when he was in Rome, he had access to money, as it is noted that he bribed people there. Alternatively, as was often the case with bribery, the promise of gifts would have been sufficient to sway people (Stern 1974:221; Braund 1984:58).

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