Archaeology and Fertility Cult in the Ancient Mediterranean: by Anthony Bonanno

By Anthony Bonanno

The papers during this quantity derive from the 1st foreign convention on Archaeology of the traditional Mediterranean (Malta, 1985). the sphere is still divided among the view aiding the life of a common trust in an all-pervading and all-embracing mom Goddess – of which the fertility cult is only one, albeit vital, point – and the view wondering the very bases of that thought. This convention confirmed that there seems a better disposition for additional discussion. The fertility content material in close to japanese and Classical religions continues to be undeniable. The convention proved to be additionally, now not by chance, of unique value to Maltese archaeology. the amount is split into 4 sections: part I. Prehistory; part II. Prehistory, Malta; part III. Phoenician and close to jap Religions; part IV. The Greco-Roman international.

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Variatio n i n design does not matter, since the function o f the figurine i s to call attention to the requirement s o f th e geneti c imperativ e i n creatin g a stabl e replicational strategy. Then why do different design s proliferate? F . Jenkins , o f ho w mistake s ar e mad e i n th e learning o f bird calls by the young of the saddleback family o f birds in islands of f Ne w Zealand , ver y instructive . W e ca n generaliz e fror h these case s t o copyin g error s wheneve r message s o r idea s ar e transmitted.

Rosaldo and L. ) Women, Culture and Society, Stanford (Stanford Univ . Press ) 17-42 . SAKELLARAKIS, Yannis and Efi SAPOUNA-SAKELLERAK I 1981 — Dram a o f death in a Minoan temple, National Geographic 15 9 (2): 205-222. 29 SANDAY, Peggy 1981 — Female power and male dominance: on the origins of sexual inequality, Cambridg e (Cambridge Universit y Press). SCHLEGAL, Alice 1972 — Male dominance and female autonomy, Ne w Have n (HRA F Press). Z . 1981 — Women... beasts, or 'Why can't a woman be more like a man', Numen 29:123-131.

Basi c semantic features ca n be referre d t o loca l variatio n an d ca n b e explaine d a s cultura l mutations. These cultural mutation s d o not matter if we keep in mind our basi c reductiv e gene-replicationa l explanation . Fo r th e reductiv e thesis has to be related to the data in a particular community or tribe by way of a functionalist explanation . A t bes t liminalit y can give tone to the description o f goddesses, who are themselves embedded i n fertilit y cult behaviours , an d contribut e t o a n ES S fo r tha t communit y o r tribe.

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