Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the Ancient Near by Oscar White Muscarella

By Oscar White Muscarella

'Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the traditional close to East' follows the evolution of the author’s scholarly paintings and pursuits and is split into a number of different types of interrelated fields. the 1st half bargains basically with excavations and linked artifacts, concerns in historic geography and the identity of historical websites in northwest Iran, the author’s examine concerning the tradition and chronology of the Phrygian capital at Gordion in Anatolia, and the chronology and Iranian cultural kin of a website within the Emirate of Sharjah. half is wide-ranging and comprises chapters on Aegean and historic close to jap cultural and political interconnections, the function of fibulae in revealing cultural and chronological concerns, and the gender-determined utilization of parasols and their acceptance in excavated contexts. There also are articles in particular inquisitive about “Plunder tradition” and the forgery of either gadgets and their alleged proveniences.

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Extra resources for Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the Ancient Near East : Sites, Cultures, and Proveniences

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We are not sure whether or not these stones represent the floor of the tomb: it was not possible to determine any order with respect to the stones because of the mud. Excavation stopped at a point just below the lowest stone course of the tomb, but we encountered no clear indication that there was a floor. 70 meters. 6 Although not too clear from the drawing in Sé Girdan I, fig. 16, the corners of the walls of the tomb of Tumulus II were made in the same way. 54 chapter two Figure 11. View of the tomb facing east, Tumulus IV.

In height. In the eastern part of the southern half of the chamber we found one flat bronze adze and three bronze axe heads, all of the same type, but each made in a separate mold (Figure 14). The bronzes were in excellent condition, albeit they were found in the mud. The edges of all the blades were quite sharp, and it would therefore seem that they belong to the original tomb 56 chapter two Figure 13. Gold and stone beads from the tomb, Tumulus IV. contents and were not the tools used by the robbers to dig into the tumulus.

In length and 8 to 15 cm. 50 meters. , and the slabs and mortar layers do not always coincide from course to course. 6 Large stone pebbles 5 to 15cm. in diameter were found in the mud and cleared out. We are not sure whether or not these stones represent the floor of the tomb: it was not possible to determine any order with respect to the stones because of the mud. Excavation stopped at a point just below the lowest stone course of the tomb, but we encountered no clear indication that there was a floor.

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