By David Glantz
A new edited translation of the Soviet employees examine of the crimson Army's Belorussian operation in the summertime of 1944, which used to be extraordinary by way of its scale, scope and strategic outcomes. The Soviet Stavka had deliberate a crusade along with a sequence of big operations spanning the total Soviet-German entrance. 4 strong fronts (army teams) operated less than shut Stavka (high command) regulate. Over 1.8 million troops acomplished a feat certain within the heritage of the crimson military: the defeat and dismemberment of a complete German military team. This ebook is a translation of the Soviet common employees research No 18, a piece initially categorized as 'secret' and meant to teach Soviet commanders and employees officials. The operation is gifted from the Soviet viewpoint, within the phrases of the people who deliberate and orchestrated the plans. A map complement, together with terrain maps, is supplied to demonstrate the movement of the operation in better aspect.
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Extra info for Belorussia 1944: The Soviet General Staff Study (Soviet (Russian) Study of War)
5 combat loads Preparations for the operation 29 [at one load per combat day] of various types of ammunition with the forces and in depots of the 6th Guards and 43d Armies. The situation was somewhat worse regarding the availa-bility of rounds for 45mm guns (in all, around two combat loads). By this time, a 14–22 days supply of food and forage rations had been brought forward to these armies. The situation was somewhat worse regarding the supply of oats (there was 7-days’ ration in the 6th Guards Army and only 3 in the 43d Army).
The preparatory period within the fronts continued from the end of May-22 June, and separate measures were carried out even earlier. Our long-range aviation delivered massed attacks against enemy airfields beginning in mid-June. Thus, on the nights of 13 and 14 June, German airfields in the regions of Brest, Belostok, Baranovichi, Pinsk, Minsk, Bobruisk, and Orsha were subjected to bombing raids. Repeated attacks were made on the nights of 16 and 18 June. Necessary secrecy and operational maskirovka [deception] measures were implemented to mislead the enemy with respect to our intentions.
The 49th Army’s subsequent mission was to force the Dnepr, and to employ its main forces to reach the Vysokoe, Luzhki, and Sen’kovo line by the end of the fifth day, and to capture Mogilev by an attack from the north and northwest. The front’s mobile group, consisting of one rifle division, two tank brigades, one antitank [tank destroyer] brigade, and other units, had the mission to reach the Dnepr in a decisive bound after the arrival of the 49th Army’s shock group at the Basia River. It was to force the river and capture the Vysokoe, Staraia Vodva, and Luzhki line by the end of the third day of the operation, and hold it until the approach of the 49th Army’s main forces.