By Stephen Schlesinger, Stephen Kinzer
Bitter Fruit is a complete and insightful account of the CIA operation to overthrow the democratically elected executive of Jacobo Arbenz of Guatemala in 1954. First released in 1982, this publication has develop into a vintage, a textbook case of the connection among the us and the 3rd international. The authors make large use of U.S. govt records and interviews with former CIA and different officers. it's a caution of what occurs whilst the U.S. abuses its energy.
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Extra resources for Bitter Fruit: The Story of the American Coup in Guatemala
After all, he smiled, he had not yet ordered the evacuation of American citizens, which could create panic in the country. S. citizens to leave the country overland. " At the end of the conversation, Toriello mentioned that the Mexican government had picked up two American pilots from a P-47 which had flown sorties over Guatemala and crashed across the border. Peurifoy questioned the report's accuracy, and Toriello, apparently realizing that he could not sway his adversary, did not pursue the matter.
Minimum pay scales were fixed and child and female labor were regulated. Later amendments extended protection to some rural workers and required employers to withhold union dues from paychecks. In the context of Guatemalan history, these were truly revolutionary measures. There were protections in the code for employers as well, and certain loopholes were intentionally included to prevent the de-stabilization of production. For example, unionization in the countryside was forbidden on all but the largest farms lest strikes interrupt the harvest.
Two percent of the landowners held 72 percent of the land, and 90 percent of the people together owned just 15 percent of the productive acreage. " Though the nation's first constitution, adopted in 1824, abolished slavery, rural labor patterns still prevailing in 1945 were only barely distinguishable from involuntary servitude. The 75 percent illiteracy rate reached as high as 95 percent among Indians. 1 In October 1946, the Guatemalan Congress approved the nation's first Social Security Law, which revolutionized the relationship among workers, employers and government.