By the Sword and the Cross: The Historical Evolution of the by Charles A. Truxillo

By Charles A. Truxillo

A concise assessment of Spanish the USA through the colonial period (1492-1825), this examine makes an attempt a synthesis of Iberian and Latin American historic narratives in the context of global heritage. Spanish civilization used to be transferred to the Americas as Spain imposed its medieval Catholic tradition upon the Americas, effectively exchanging the elite cultures of the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas. Iberian tradition grew to become indigenous in terms of cross-culturalization, and Creole elites came upon independence inevitable as soon as their lifestyle turned outlined by means of American situations.

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Additional resources for By the Sword and the Cross: The Historical Evolution of the Catholic World Monarchy in Spain and the New World, 1492-1825 (Contributions to the Study of World History)

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Meanwhile, Catalan ships challenged Genoa's hegemony in the western Mediterranean (Bisson 1991). The Castilian economy developed a commercial export sector based on the merino sheep mns of Extremadura. Complementing this pastoral enterprise were northern trading fairs at Burgos and Medina del Campo, also a fledgling textile industry in Andalusia. The mesta was organized by Alfonso X to regulate sheep ranching and the great pastoral migrations northward across Extremadura and Leon. Castilian agriculture was relegated to a secondary role in order to foster the livestock industry.

D. 565). In both eras, great imperial structures dominated the core areas of Eurasian civilizations. However, there were more Gunpowder Empires because of the expansion of Afro-Eurasian societies since the fall of the Classical Empires; Gunpowder Empires were avatars of their former classical predecessors. The Spanish Habsburg Monarchy under Charles V aspired to be and did, in fact, resemble the Holy Roman Empire of Charlemagne or the late Roman Imperium of Theodosius. The Catholic World Monarchy was, however, larger and more powerful than that of the earlier caesars.

Castilian cities generally preferred royal jurisdiction to that of the nobility or the church. They also strove to Spain in World History 35 acquire representation in the Castilian Cortes (parliament); that body was later reduced to rubber stamping royal decrees and raising taxes. Moreover, the great Spanish military orders lost their verve after the end of the Reconquista and became privileged landowning corporations. The knights of Santiago, Calatrava, Alcantara, and Montesa, bereft of their military mission, contributed to the violence of the late medieval period (O'Callaghan 1973).

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