By Don Gifford
In James Joyce's early paintings, as in Ulysses and Finnegans Wake, meanings are usually hid in imprecise allusions and information of veiled suggestive energy. constant reputation of those hidden signififances in Dubliners and A Portrait of the Artist as a tender guy will require an encyclopedic wisdom of existence in 19th- and twentieth-century Dublin corresponding to few readers own. Now this considerably revised and extended version of Don Gifford's Notes to Joyce: ''Dubliners'' and ''A Portrait of the Artist as a tender Man'' places the considered necessary wisdom on the disposal of students, scholars, and basic readers. An plentiful introductory essay offers the historic, biographical, and geographical historical past for Dubliners and Portrait. The annotations that keep on with gloss position names, outline slang phrases, recount correct gossip, supply pill histories of associations and political and cultural activities and figures, offer bits of neighborhood and Irish legend and lore, clarify non secular nomenclature and practices, and remove darkness from cryptic allusions to literature, theology, philosophy, technological know-how and the humanities. Professor Gifford's labors in collecting those facts right into a unmarried quantity have led to a useful source-book for all scholars of Joyce's paintings.