By Paul Bamford
By opting for to pay attention upon getting to know what wooded area assets have been to be had to the French military throughout the ancien régime and what use it used to be capable of make of them, Mr. Bamford has not just supplied the 1st monograph on that topic within the English language, yet has long past a long way towards explaining why France used to be the loser within the lengthy duel with England for the regulate of trade and the extension of empire.
Two years of analysis within the data Nationales and within the documents de l. a. Marine in Paris, Toulon, and Rochefort enabled him to attract on modern assets of knowledge of which little, if any, use has been made sooner than, and one more 12 months of analysis within the libraries of recent York urban, relatively within the wealthy Proudfit Naval assortment, additionally yielded new fabric. it truly is Mr. Bamford's success to have dealt with this large shop of basic resources with such ability and judgement that the reader, through turning over letters from disgruntled woodland owners, reviews from burdened maîtres at the trickery and recalcitrance of the peasants, directions from the head echelon of the military to inspectors within the forests, and a range accounts, receipts, and memoranda, is given in the beginning hand an appreciation of the problems confronted by means of the army in attempting to receive trees and masts of the alternative caliber required for construction ships-of-the-line. The military needed to compete with the service provider marine and with business and personal clients of gasoline for provides that have been constantly being depleted by way of mismanagement and by way of the conversion of forests to arable land. Measures, superficially admirable, for keeping the forests are discovered on nearer exam to be instantaneously over-precise and never safely enforced. delivery, even in a rustic so abundantly provided with navigable rivers as France, used to be dear and difficult.
Not in simple terms historians, yet students within the box of forestry, economics, geography, agriculture, and delivery will locate this publication illuminating.