Challenges and Opportunities for Agricultural by Bernard Vanlauwe, Piet van Asten, Guy Blomme

By Bernard Vanlauwe, Piet van Asten, Guy Blomme

The humid highlands in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are characterised by means of excessive inhabitants densities and require intensification. The Consortium for making improvements to Agriculture-based Livelihoods in critical Africa (CIALCA) has manage a examine for improvement platform in numerous mandate parts in DR Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda, aiming to spot stronger construction, marketplace, and food suggestions and facilitating the entry for improvement companions to those techniques. This platform is supported by way of means construction, multi-stakeholder discussion, and tracking and overview efforts. The convention, facilitated by means of CIALCA, aimed to (i) take inventory of the state-of the artwork in agricultural intensification within the highlands of SSA and (ii) chart the future of agricultural learn for improvement within the humid highlands of SSA, and extra particularly within the lately introduced Humidtropics Consortium study Programme, via keynote, oral and poster displays, and strategic panel discussions.

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In: Renard C (ed) Crop residues in sustainable mixed crop/livestock farming systems. CAB International, ICRISAT and ILRI, Wallingford, pp 41–77 Groote DH, Bett C, Okuro JO, Odendo M et al (2001) Direct estimation of maize crop losses due to stem borers in Kenya: preliminary results from 2000 and 2001. In: Friesen DK, Palmer AFE (eds) Integrated approaches to higher maize productivity in the new millennium. Proceedings of the seventh eastern and southern Africa regional maize conference. Nairobi, Kenya, pp 401–406 Jayne TS, Yamano T, Weber MT et al (2001) Smallholder income and land distribution in Africa: implications for poverty reduction strategies.

References Amadalo B, Jama B, Niang A et al (2003) Improved fallows for western Kenya: an extension guideline. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi di Falco S, Mintewab B, Mahmud Y (2010) Seeds for livelihood: crop biodiversity and food production in Ethiopia. Ecol Econ 69:1695–1702 de Leeuw PN (1997) Crop residues in tropical Africa: trends in supply, demand and use. In: Renard C (ed) Crop residues in sustainable mixed crop/livestock farming systems. CAB International, ICRISAT and ILRI, Wallingford, pp 41–77 Groote DH, Bett C, Okuro JO, Odendo M et al (2001) Direct estimation of maize crop losses due to stem borers in Kenya: preliminary results from 2000 and 2001.

On the other hand, a large proportion of the cultivated lands in Kakamega depend on hand weeding for weed control. Manure application for managing soil fertility was very limited in the two Ethiopian sites as cow dung was one of the sources of energy for cooking food. 24 M. Kindu et al. Composition of feed intake by ruminants (%) 100 Kobo Nekemte Kakamega 80 60 40 20 0 Green fodder Dry fodder Grazing range lands Concentrates Fig. 2 Use of dry season livestock feed sources in the three sites in East Africa Dry fodder (crop residues + stubble grazing) constituted 99 % of ruminant dry season feed intake in Kobo and green fodder (Napier grass + crop residues) constituted 78 % in Kakamega (Fig.

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