Chile: The Making of a Republic, 1830-1865: Politics and by Simon Collier

By Simon Collier

Simon Collier examines the formative interval of the Chilean republic's heritage. He combines an research of the tips and assumptions of the Chilean political type with a story of the political procedure from the consolidation of the Conservative regime within the 1830s, to the start of the liberalization within the early 1860s. Chile's strong and more and more liberal political culture used to be solid in severe and sometimes violent conflicts among the dominant Conservative occasion (which ruled in a frequently authoritarian demeanour from 1830 to 1858) and the growing to be forces of political Liberalism. an important political realignment in 1857-8 cleared the path for accomplished liberalization.

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It was more than adequate to restrain the limited regionalist aspirations of the outlying northern and southern provinces, which, whatever their resentments, had no way of counteracting the deep-rooted hegemony of the capital and its hinterland: Santiago and the three adjacent provinces of Colchagua, Aconcagua, and Valparaiso accounted for nearly half the country’s population. Centralization also discouraged independent enterprise. Lamenting the lapse into inertia (in 1849), after an encouraging start, of the Sociedad de Agricultura (set up to encourage agricultural improvement), Manuel Miquel noted: “We are obliged – sad confession!

A new portfolio of Justice, Education, and Religion was added in 1837. The War-Navy portfolio was generally held by a distinguished Army officer. The Interior minister was, as a newspaper put it in 1849, “the prime minister . . ”3 The executive had extensive emergency powers at its disposal. Congress could vote the president “extraordinary faculties,” and when Congress was in recess he and the Council of State could decree “states of siege” in specific provinces, subject to later congressional approval, never denied.

EDP I, 177; II, 228; III, 486. 2 For the deliberations of the constituent convention, see Kinsbruner, pp. 43–79; Barros Arana, Historia, XVI, 301–32; Sotomayor Vald´es, Historia, I, 209–20. Bello’s defense is in AR, Nos. 307, 311, and 312, May 17 and 25, and June 1, 1833, reprinted in his Obras completas, XVIII, 85–92. 3 PR, No. 2054, June 18, 1849. 24 The New Republic, 1830–1865 technically limited to arrest and detention within the national territory. Governments often went beyond the limit by imposing banishments.

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