Civil-Military Relations in Russia and Eastern Europe by David Betz

By David Betz

This booklet examines how civil-military family were reworked in Russia, Poland, Hungary and Ukraine because the cave in of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact in 1991. It indicates how those international locations have labored to reform their out of date militia, and convey them into line with the recent financial and strategic realities of the post-Cold battle global, with new bureaucratic buildings within which civilians play the foremost policy-making roles, and with reinforced democratic political associations that have the precise to supervise the defense force.

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Additional resources for Civil-Military Relations in Russia and Eastern Europe (Routledgecurzon Contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe Series, 2)

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64 The defence command was converted to a NATO-type joint staff structure in September 1997. The numerical strength of the army was reduced between 1994 and 1998 by 45 per cent from 97,800 troops in 1994 to 53,150 in 1998. 65 The length of obligatory military service was also cut back to 10 months in February 1996. On the eve of its accession to NATO, Hungary was lagging somewhat behind Poland in coming to grips with the problems in its defence establishment and designing solutions from first principles.

At the same time, real and potential conflicts in bordering nations posed credible security threats. Thus, the document concluded that despite the favourable international security situation created by the end of the Cold War, new threats had arisen that necessitated the preservation of reliable armed forces. The Basic Principles of National Defence of the Republic of Hungary was adopted on 23 April 1993. It reflected the perception that Hungary bordered on a zone of insecurity and instability. In the short term, Hungary had to rely on its own resources to defend itself on all azimuths.

A lot of our problems are a direct result of this cutting process. The first is pensions. We have to pay those. The second is retraining officers for the civilian market. We have a high unemployment rate in general, but in the West and the North where the major military bases are located unemployment is even higher than the national average. There are a lot of problems employing former soldiers . . Many other sectors of reform also require money: administrative reform, pension reform, health reform and insurance.

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