By Nikolai M Dronin, Edward G Bellinger
Among 1900 and 1990, there have been numerous classes of grain and different nutrition shortages in Russia and the previous Soviet Union, a few of which reached catastrophe proportions leading to mass famine and demise on an extraordinary scale. New shares of knowledge now not formerly available in addition to conventional authentic and different resources were used to discover the level to which coverage and vagaries in weather conspired to impact agricultural yields. have been the leaders' (Stalin, Krushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev) rules sound in thought yet failed in perform as a result of unpredictable climate? How did the Soviet peasants react to those adjustments? What effect did Soviet agriculture have at the total financial system of the rustic? those are all questions which are taken into consideration.
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Additional info for Climate Dependence and Food Problems in Russia, 1900-1990: The Interaction of Climate and Agricultural Policy and Their Effect on Food Problems
Therefore, it can include excess moisture, pieces of straw, weeds, and other chaff. Western statistics measure the weight of the grain in a dry condition. This results in a difference of as much as 5 to 6 percent between Soviet and Western estimates. After the establishment of the Goscomstat (in 1987), Soviet statisticians revised some earlier data on grain production on the basis of dry weight (compare, for example, data published in Selskoe khozyastvo SSSR, 1971 and Selskoe khozyastvo v Rossii, 2000).
When analyzing the food problems of Russia over the last hundred Introduction: climate and agriculture in Russia 13 years, two major periods may be distinguished. In the first half of the century the level of food consumption was below the physiological minimum (2,400 kcal per capita per day). Bread was the major component of a Russian’s diet. The proportion of bread reached 55 to 60 percent of the daily calorific intake, while meat made up only 5 percent. In poor years, productive (steppe and forest-steppe) regions found themselves in a better position than consumption (forest) regions.
This made the country potentially very vulnerable to crop failure. In order to measure this vulnerability we have provided our own estimates of this imbalance for different periods of Soviet history. 3. Linking crop failure and food availability in the country This subject is the most complicated to analyze since it concerns social and political rather than physical phenomena. When evaluating a crop failure as potentially dangerous for the country, one cannot know for certain whether it would inevitably develop into a large-scale food crisis.