By Concrete Society
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Extra resources for Concrete Society - Assessment, design and repair of fire-damaged concrete structures(Final Draft)
Clearly those that require the ends of the bars to be threaded are not appropriate for repair. Swaged couplers are installed using a hydraulic press, and hence require sufficient working space around the bars. Couplers with shear bolts and serrated saddles can be used in comparatively confined locations. In all cases it is necessary to ensure that the cover to the coupler in the finished repair is at least equal to that specified for the reinforcement. Welding of reinforcement should generally be avoided.
However, these must only be used where the bars are always in compression. There are various types of tension couplers used in new construction. Clearly those that require the ends of the bars to be threaded are not appropriate for repair. Swaged couplers are installed using a hydraulic press, and hence require sufficient working space around the bars. Couplers with shear bolts and serrated saddles can be used in comparatively confined locations. In all cases it is necessary to ensure that the cover to the coupler in the finished repair is at least equal to that specified for the reinforcement.
The approach is illustrated by Examples 1 and 2 in Appendix B. 3 Beams – shear Where appropriate, beams may be strengthened to resist the redesign shear forces by adding shear reinforcement. The added reinforcement must be sufficient to resist the redesign shear force minus the permissible shear forces, which can be resisted by the original shear reinforcement taking into account the residual strength for both the steel and the concrete. The approach is illustrated by Example 2 in Appendix B. 4 Columns Columns may be strengthened to resist the redesign loads by adding reinforcement and repair concrete.