By Meg Tyler Mitchell Ph.D., Scott Pentzer Ph.D.
Costa Rica: a world stories guide deals readers an authoritative journey of a striking kingdom, tracing its old improvement from pre-Colombian population and Spanish colonization via emerging prosperity within the mid-19th century to present struggles to outline itself economically and politically.
Costa Rica combines narrative chapters at the nation's heritage and the present country of its political, social, and cultural associations with alphabetically equipped entries protecting very important humans, locations, and occasions in its improvement. all through, the authors, drawing on huge learn and their very own reports, spotlight the various methods Costa Rica isn't the same as its associates, in addition to the demanding situations the rustic faces within the twenty first century's globalized world.
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Additional info for Costa Rica: A Global Studies Handbook
Inland from the northern Caribbean coast to the Cordilleras and from the western edge of the Cordilleras to the Nicoya Peninsula on the Pacific are the llanuras, or plains of the north. In the west, the plains have been cleared for livestock since the colonial period, and in the east, the plains are much wider and were only cleared in the 20th century. Because of its tropical location, Costa Rica experiences little seasonal variation in temperatures. Depending on cloud cover, temperatures may vary more at different times of the day than they do seasonally.
Carved jade ornaments from the Olmec and Maya civilizations of Mexico, often reworked in local styles, have been found in burials in the central part of the country, as has a red-on-buff pottery very common in Mesoamerica. The influence of Panamanian and Colombian cultures is evident in, among other items, goldwork. C. D. 700 and 900. D. 500 and 800 it began to be practiced in Costa Rica. Gold figures from Costa Rica often reflect South American styles, showing animals like frogs and doubleheaded birds, and a double spiral design (Bray 1981, 154, 160).
Incursions from the Pacific coast to the interior and the Caribbean would, until the end of the 16th century, all be failures. The Spanish established their first settlement, Villa Brusellas, in the Pacific region in 1523, but the interior was not effectively controlled by the Spanish until between 1575 and 1580. Although the territory to be conquered was smaller than that subdued by Cortes in Mexico (1521) and Pizarro in Peru (1534), it proved in many ways much more difficult. Since the indigenous population lived dispersed in many small groups, there was no large city that could be taken in order to force other regions to capitulate.