By Robert J. Sharer
Experience everyday life in Maya civilization, from its earliest beginnings to the Spanish conquest within the sixteenth century. Narrative chapters describe Mayan political lifestyles, financial system, social constitution, faith, writing, battle, and clinical tools. Readers will discover the Mayan calendar, counting procedure, searching and amassing equipment, language, and relatives roles and relationships. A revised and increased version in keeping with the most recent archaeological examine, this quantity deals new interpretations and corrects renowned misconceptions, and exhibits how the Maya tailored to their surroundings and preserved their tradition and language over millions of years. Over 60 pictures and illustrations, numerous of recent archaeological websites, improve the cloth, and an accelerated source middle bibliography comprises websites and DVDs for extra examine. The final bankruptcy discusses what Maya civilization potential for us this day and what we will be able to study from Maya achievements and screw ups. A first-stop reference resource for any scholar of Latin American and local American background and culture.
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Additional info for Daily Life in Maya Civilization
Maize quickly became the staff of life for peoples throughout Mesoamerica because of its great productivity, ease of storage, and nutritional benefits. However, reliance on maize agriculture developed gradually in the highlands, extending over several thousand years. The best growing methods and the more productive strains had to be perfected before agriculture could support a group of people year-round. As a result, permanent village life emerged gradually in the highlands, where archaeology has revealed this process in the Valley of Oaxaca, the Valley of Mexico, and the more marginal Tehuacan Valley.
Its chief rivals, the Kakchiquel Maya, checked the K’iche conquests. But the highlands were never unified, and, like the Maya of Yucatan, the highland Maya also presented a fragmented political landscape to their Spanish Conquerors. 26 Daily Life in Maya Civilization With this introduction in mind, we will be able to take a closer look at the foundations of Maya civilization (chapter 3) and at the successive stages of Early, Middle, and Late Maya civilization (chapters 4 –7). Mayan Languages and Groups Today About 4 million descendants of the ancient Maya live in the Maya area today.
Evidence for the beginnings of these social and economic distinctions comes from several regions of Mesoamerica. Some of the earliest indications date to ca. e. on the Pacific coastal plain of Chiapas, Mexico. Differences in house size, craft specialization, appearance of status symbols, and burial practices all point to inequalities within a settled agricultural society. Although these early villages were egalitarian, where the only social differences were based on age and gender, other distinctions may have begun by this time.