De-Stalinising Eastern Europe: The Rehabilitation of by Kevin McDermott, Matthew Stibbe

By Kevin McDermott, Matthew Stibbe

After Stalin's loss of life in 1953, his successors, so much significantly Nikita Khrushchev, initiated a sequence of reforms which had a tremendous influence at the destiny course not just of the Soviet Union, yet of the communist states of jap Europe. between different issues, de-Stalinisation intended the discharge and repatriation of thousands of prisoners from labour camps, penal settlements and jails around the zone, a lot of them sufferers of the phobia, purges and mass repression performed through the Stalinist interval. This quantity specializes in the influence of the releases on jap ecu regimes and societies, and questions the level to which the returnees have been totally rehabilitated within the judicial, political, socio-economic or sense of right and wrong. The nations lined contain the Soviet Union as an entire, Hungary, Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania and Bulgaria, in addition to 4 person Soviet Republics: Ukraine, Moldavia, Latvia and Belarus.

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See M. Górny, The Nation Should Come First: Marxism and Historiography in East Central Europe (Frankfurt-am-Main, 2013), here esp. pp. 44–5. 41. a. Dr Erna Barnick) whose 1972 memoir, Die Plakette, stopped abruptly in 1935. Only at the very end of the GDR, in 1988–1989, was permission sought, and eventually granted, to publish the second part of her memoir, beginning with her journey to Moscow in 1935 and containing a heart-rending account of her first arrest in 1936, her husband’s death in the Gulag in 1938, her long years of imprisonment and her second arrest in 1949.

24 Matthew Stibbe and Kevin McDermott 49. P. Jones, ‘Introduction: The Dilemmas of De-Stalinization’, in P.  6, here paraphrasing the work of Miriam Dobson. 50. A.  460. 51. Baberowski, Verbrannte Erde, p. 506. Of course, this made it all the more difficult to rehabilitate ‘collaborators’ in public, as officially there was no acknowledgement in the Stalin and Khrushchev eras of collaboration during the war, still less of any participation by Soviet citizens in Nazi atrocities against Jews and other victims of mass murder and genocide.

Pp. 1–2; Cohen, The Victims Return. 56.  6. 57. On the Soviet party, see P. ), The Dilemmas of De-Stalinization, pp. 41–63; on the Czechoslovak party, see the contribution by McDermott and Pinerová in this volume. 58. See M. ), The Dilemmas of De-Stalinization, pp. 21–40. 59. S. Fitzpatrick, ‘Popular Sedition in the Post-Stalin Soviet Union’, in Kozlov et al.  13. 60. O. Tůma, ‘Conspicuous Connections, 1968 and 1989’, in M. Kramer and V. Smetana (eds), Imposing, Maintaining, and Tearing Open the Iron Curtain: The Cold War in East-Central Europe, 1945–1989 (Lanham, MD, 2014), pp.

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