By Yongmei Zhou
The query of no matter if political, monetary and administrative decentralization improves govt effectiveness is hotly debated between researchers and policymakers. There are theoretical arguments either for and opposed to decentralization, yet empirical paintings is scarce. Decentralization, Democracy and improvement: fresh event from Sierra Leone is a contribution to this literature. The e-book additionally makes a precious contribution to the talk on even if decentralization is a conceivable technique state-building method for post-conflict international locations. a set of 8 papers written by way of 9 authors, the e-book first records a posh decentralization approach in Sierra Leone from 2003-07. in this interval, the govt. of Sierra Leone (GoSL) re-established elected district and concrete councils around the state, transferred convinced duties for fundamental companies and native funding and a few monetary assets to the hot councils, and invested seriously in development the executive infrastructure and potential of the neighborhood councils. Measured by way of the funds figures, the measure of strength that has been transferred to neighborhood councils looks particularly small. even if, from neighborhood councils having no autonomy to having autonomy over 6 percentage of presidency fundamental spending is an important qualitative swap of the intergovernmental courting. because the authors documented, the growth used to be demanding fought. in comparison to such a lot different SSA international locations that experience launched into decentralization, Sierra Leone s growth in construction neighborhood govt potential and restructuring the financial approach is enviable. The authors finish that greater defense and public companies are attainable in a decentralizing kingdom yet Sierra Leone s growth shouldn't have been attainable with no major attempt at economic decentralization and in depth funding in neighborhood executive skill construction. the main severe element for this promising yet fragile reform technique is the dynamic management crew in control of selling the recent institutional framework and their continual attempt to accomplish fast development within the neighborhood executive approach and public providers.
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Extra info for Decentralization, Democracy and Development: Recent Experience from Sierra Leone (World Bank Country Study)
The legal prescription is for devolving MDAs to facilitate devolution of their functions in accordance with schedule (iii) of LGA 04 and SI 04 and to perform postdevolution functions such as responsibilities for sector policies, standards, monitoring, and oversight of the devolved sector. The contribution of 3 of the 5 devolving sectors has not been as supportive as was envisaged in the conceptualization of the program or by the legal framework. Much positive credit can be given to the Health and Agriculture sectors.
LGA 2004 provides for at least 3 women, and 1 of the non-ex-officio members should be appointed chair. The commissioners are chosen for four-year terms (coinciding with the life of a council). Each of the four regions of the country is represented by a commissioner. 15 The provincial coordinating committees are constituted as follows: regional minister of central government (chairman), regional (provincial secretary) as secretary, with one representative from each of the local council chairs/mayors in the region.
The second sustainability challenge is councils’ high dependence on government transfers. Local revenue mobilization performance has been very poor across councils. Local councils remain heavily dependent on central government for financing. In 2005 a study was conducted to review revenue administrative practice and performance in all councils. Local revenue mobilization had been weak across the board. Per capita own revenue generation was negligible in most rural councils. However, even in cities and diamond-rich areas, per capita own revenue was rather low.